inez_body_proportion

This tutorial is brought to you by Inez Brasch, ©2008. 

ARTISTS WHO WORK WITH THE HUMAN FIGURE ARE OFTEN AT A LOSS WHEN IT COMES TO GETTING THE PROPORTIONS RIGHT. HOPEFULLY, THIS SIMPLE SET OF RULES WILL HELP.

 

KEEPING IN MIND THAT PROPORTIONS ARE AFFECTED BY AGE, GENDER, AND RACE, THIS LESSON WILL DEAL WITH A YOUNG, ADULT, CAUCASIAN FEMALE FIGURE.

 

THE GREEKS AND ROMANS, WHO PREFERRED LONG LIMBED, MORE MAJESTIC GODS THAN YOUR AVERAGE, NORMAL, NON-HEROIC HUMAN, USED THE 8 HEAD PROPORTION. A LOT OF ARTISTS STILL DO; HOWEVER, THE LENGTH OF THE ADULT FIGURE (BOTH MALE AND FEMALE) CAN VARY FROM 6.5 HEADS TO 7.75 HEADS WITH THE NORM BEING 7.5.

 

LET’S SAY YOU’VE MADE A HEAD THAT IS 2" TALL. HOW TALL IS THE WHOLE FIGURE?

 

TO CALCULATE THE HEIGHT, MULTIPLY 2 X 7.5 = 15. YOUR FINISHED FIGURE WOULD BE 15" FROM THE TOP OF ITS HEAD TO THE SOLES OF ITS FEET, STANDING FLAT-FOOTED.

 

OKAY, BUT NOW THE QUESTION IS, WHERE DOES EVERYTHING GO?

 

AFTER AGE 14, IN BOTH MALE AND FEMALE, THE DISTANCE FROM THE TOP OF THE HEAD TO THE PUBIC CREST IS EQUAL TO ONE HALF THE TOTAL HEIGHT. THE TOP OF THE FEMUR IS ON A LEVEL LINE WITH THE PUBIC CREST. DRAW A LINE TO REPRESENT THE TOP OF THE HEAD. MEASURE DOWN 15" AND DRAW ANOTHER LINE TO REPRESENT THE SOLES OF THE FEET. FOLD THE PAPER IN 2 MATCHING UP THESE LINES. NOW YOU HAVE THE CORRECT PLACEMENT OF THE PUBIC CREST AND THE TOP OF THE FEMUR. LEAVING THE TOP MEASUREMENT ALONE, FOLD THE BOTTOM MEASUREMENT IN 2 MATCHING THE LINE FOR THE PUBIC CREST WITH THE BOTTOM LINE. NOW YOU HAVE THE CORRECT PLACEMENT FOR THE KNEES WHICH ARE HALFWAY BETWEEN THE TOP OF THE FEMUR AND THE SOLES OF THE FEET.

 

GOING BACK TO THE TOP, THE LENGTH OF THE NECK, FROM THE CHIN TO THE NECK PIT IS ONE FOURTH TO ONE THIRD OF THE HEAD LENGTH. ITS WIDTH IS ONE HALF THE HEAD LENGTH.

 

THE DISTANCE FROM THE TIP OF THE CHIN TO THE NIPPLES IS ONE HEAD LENGTH. FROM THE NIPPLES TO JUST ABOVE THE NAVAL IS ONE HEAD LENGTH, (THE TOP OF THE BUTTOCKS IS ON A LEVEL LINE). THE FORK BETWEEN THE LEGS IS ONE HEAD LENGTH BENEATH THE ABOVE MEASUREMENT. THE BOTTOM OF THE BUTTOCKS IS ON A LEVEL LINE WITH THE FORK. THE NAVAL IS MIDWAY BETWEEN THE LAST RIB AND THE PELVIC BONE. (NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH THE PELVIC CREST.)

 

DROPPING DOWN TO THE SOLES OF THE FEET AND MEASURING UPWARD FROM THAT LINE, THE ANKLE IS LOCATED ONE HALF HEAD ABOVE. THE BOTTOM OF THE CALF IS LOCATED ONE HEAD LENGTH ABOVE THE SOLES OF THE FEET.

 

THE ARMS ARE THREE HEAD LENGTHS FROM THE TIP OF THE LONGEST (MIDDLE) FINGER UP TO THE TOP OF THE ARM PIT. THE ELBOW IS LOCATED ONE HEAD LENGTH FROM THE TOP OF THE ARM PIT AND THE WRIST IS LOCATED ON A LEVEL LINE WITH THE PUBIC CREST. THE LENGTH OF A HAND IS EQUAL TO 75% OF THE FACE AND THE LONGEST FINGER IS EQUAL TO THE PALM. THE FOOT IS EQUAL TO TWICE THE LENGTH OF THE FACE FROM THE EYEBROWS TO THE TIP OF THE CHIN.

 

THE WAIST IS APPROXIMATELY ONE HEAD LENGTH WIDE.

 

IN THE FEMALE, THE SHOULDERS ARE SLIGHTLY NARROWER THAN TWO HEADS LENGTHS, THE CHEST IS ONE AND ONE QUARTER HEAD LENGTHS WIDE AND THE HIPS ONE AND ONE HALF HEAD LENGTHS WIDE.

 

IN THE MALE, THE SHOULDERS ARE 2 HEAD LENGTHS AND THE CHEST AND HIPS ARE EQUAL AT ONE AND ONE HALF HEAD LENGTHS.


Hours: 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday to Friday (Eastern time) Contact Email: Edwina@DollStreetDreamers.com